Eterna Plc Valuation


Ticker:                        ETERNANature of Business:              Petroleum & Petroleum DistributorsLocation :                          Nigeria
Recent Price:           NGN6.3552-Week High/Low: NGN8.15/1.92Estimated Fair Value:  NGN7.20-NGN10.49
Expected Return:  21.5%Consider Buy:                       Below NGN8.85Business Risk:            Average
Financial Risk:      AverageEconomic Moat:                  WeakCorporate Governance: Strong

Company Overview
ETERNA was founded in 1989 but started operation in 1991. It was converted to a public company in 1997. This change culminated in the listing of its shares on the Nigerian Stock Exchange in the following year. ETERNA manufactures lubricants and petrochemicals, and sells crude oil and imported petroleum products. It was licensed to distribute Castrol BP lubricants in Nigeria.

Lenux Integrated Resources Limited has the highest shareholding of 19.2% in the company while Global Energy Engineering & Raw Materials Limited is the second major shareholder with 13.8% of its outstanding shares.

Mr. Lamis Shehu Dikko chairs an eight-man board of directors. A new managing director, Mr. Nnamdi Obiagwu, was appointed on 1st September 2020. Mr. Nnamdi replaced Mr. Mahmud Tukur who retired on 31st August 2020.  Mr. Ibrahim Boyi, a non-executive director, stepped down in June 2020 while Mr. Farouk Ahmed joined the board in September 2020.

Investment Thesis
The total revenue of   ETERNA has grown at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 4.6% over the past nine years.  The lubricants and chemicals business segment has expanded its revenue at a 9-Year CAGR of 15.8% while the retail and industrial fuels division has produced a revenue increase of 38% over the past nine years.

Crude oil trading, which is part of the trading business segment, is subject to price volatility as the crude oil price is determined by the interplay of demand and supply. Also, the importation and distribution of fuels require a lot of finance which leads to the accumulation of debts. ETERNA's total debt rose 3.3 percentage points to 35% of total assets at 2020 year-end. Operating profit covered interest obligations 1.5 times while net cash flow from operations covered it 1.2 times. The company had short-term debt of NGN12.1 billion as at 31st December 2020 (2019: NGN8.7 billion); neither operating profit nor net operating cash flow could cover the short-term debt. Operating profit was just NGN1.5 billion and while net cash flow from operations was NGN1.3 billion in the year 2020.

The lubricants and chemical business segment produced 12.7% of total revenue and 9.6% of Profit Before Tax (PBT) in the 2020 fiscal year. In addition, it has a better gross profit margin of 19% compared to 9.4% for the whole business. The 6-year average cost of sales to turnover ratio of this business unit was 75.1% as against 95.3% for the whole business entity. We believe that more investment in this segment of the business will improve profit margins going forward. It is an important segment because the company's major business is a low-margin one. The high cost of sales is responsible for low gross profit margins.

ETERNA has manageable debts; sales revenue is rising notwithstanding the low-profit margins. The anticipated return on the company’s shares is 21.5%.

ETERNA's Book Value Per Share (BVPS) and Earnings Per Share (EPS) averaged NGN7.56 and NGN0.81 respectively. Earnings Power Value (EPV) stood at NGN5.42. Our valuation of ETERNA is between NGN7.20 and NGN10.49 per share.

Financial Overview
Total revenue shed NGN170.6 billion to close at NGN58.7 billion at the end of the 2020 fiscal year. The 74.4% reduction in total revenue was due to a change in the way ETERNA accounts for revenue from some activities in the trading business segment. The trading business segment involves the bulk sale of imported petroleum products, lifting, and sale of crude oil. It realised revenue of NGN1 billion from the trading unit in the current year as opposed to NGN164.1 billion in the past year. The retail and industrial fuels unit had a 10.6% revenue reduction to NGN50.2 billion compared to the 7.3% revenue increment in the previous year. Lubricants and chemicals lost 16.8% in sales revenue in the year 2020 in contrast to the revenue gain of 54.8% declared in the earlier financial year.

Though total revenue fell in the year 2020, gross profit rose by 11.3% to NGN5.5 billion (2019: NGN5 billion).  The cost of sales shrank by 76.2% while the cost of sales to turnover ratio decreased from 97.8% to 90.6%. Operating profit leaped by 12.9% to NGN1.5 billion at 2020 year-end; in 2019, operating profit lost 51.1% year-over-year.  PBT jumped by 391.9 percentage points to NGN548.1 million from the prior year’s NGN111.4 million.  A NGN392.9 million tax credit resulted in a Profit After Tax (PAT) of NGN941 million in the current fiscal period. Conversely, ETERNA posted a Loss After Tax of NGN144.3 million in the preceding year (2019).

Gross profit margin added 7.2% to close at 9.4% at 2020 year-end. However, PBT and PAT margins were 0.9% and 1.6% respectively. Return on Equity (RoE) rose to 7.1% from a negative figure of -1.2% achieved a year before. The Return on Assets ( RoA) of 2.6% was 3.1% higher than the figure for 2019, the previous year.

ETERNA’s shareholders' fund of NGN13.3 billion was a 7.6% improvement on the previous year’s value. Total debts accounted for 93.6% of shareholders' fund and 35% of total assets. The fact that the bulk of its debt is short-term puts pressure on the company since settlement must be made within a year. The 38.4% rise in total debt has increased the gearing ratio of the company.

Business Risk
The high cost of sales has been having a negative effect on profitability as it forms over 90% of total sales revenue. Besides, the sale of imported fuels, which is its major business, is largely financed by borrowing. An interest of NGN456 million was paid on finance obtained to purchase materials in the year under consideration (2019: NGN628 million). Debt obligations have also put downward pressure on the profitability and profit margins of ETERNA.  The company cannot increase the prices of the fuels it imports to widen its profit margin as this is the exclusive right of the Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency.

Recommendation: Buy

Earnings Chart of Eterna Plc

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